However, the word rehab is simply a shorter version of the word rehabilitation. In fact, it means to rehabilitate or restore.
Facilities that provide drug rehabilitative services have grown extensively over the last 50 years and the types of these services vary. Typically, however, rehab refers to a live-in residential drug treatment center or live-in health care facility, also known in the drug-counseling field as RTC.
A drug rehab facility might offer services such as drug detox, drug counseling to address substance abuse, therapy to treat mental illnesses, and other forms of treatment to address behavioral issues.
Some drug rehab centers are beginning to employ behavioral health therapists to ensure that behavioral concerns are well addressed.
In addition to a live-in facility where individuals participate in a variety of services, rehabilitative services can also include sober living homes, sometimes referred to as halfway houses. These are an extension of care for those recovering from addiction and who have already participated in and lived at a traditional drug rehab center.
At these centers, although patients live there, they have significantly more freedom to be able to attend work, school, or family events. Another rehab-like service is an outpatient treatment center. Patients live in their own home but attend the center at regular intervals for treatment.
They might attend the center for group therapy, individual therapy, drug counseling, or mental health treatment. Regular attendance to the center depends on their need, and can be daily, weekly, or bi-monthly.
Other Types Of Resources
Finally, rather than attending or living at a drug and alcohol treatment center, rehab might also include community-based services such as attending an Alcohol Anonymous (AA) meeting. AA meetings and others, such as Narcotics Anonymous (NA) and Overeating Anonymous (OA) are based on the 12-step model of treatment.
Clearly, drug rehab can include a variety of forms. More recently, it has become a common trend that they also address mental health issues. It is frequently found those who have a drug or alcohol addiction also have a mental illness and that often the addiction began because of the illness. Approximately, 60-75% of individuals who abuse drugs or alcohol also have a mental illness.
Mental illnesses that frequently co-exist with substance use are Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD), Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Anxiety, Major Depression, Bipolar Disorder, Reactive Attachment Disorder, and Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD).
There are indeed a variety of treatment facilities for individuals to participate in, depending on their needs. And the actual treatment modalities will vary depending on the level of care a facility tends to.
For instance, therapeutic forms of treatment include behavioral therapy, motivational interviewing, and the 12-step model. Behavioral therapy examines any attitudes, beliefs, and thought patterns you might have that contribute to a dysfunctional lifestyle. For instance, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), specifically, is a form of psychotherapy that addresses unhealthy patterns of thought that lead to making poor choices.
CBT also provides healthier coping mechanisms to help manage challenging emotions, triggering life circumstances, and stress, replacing any old methods of coping that may have furthered dysfunction and stress. Motivational Interviewing is a form of therapy seeks to evoke a person’s intrinsic desire to change.
Lastly, the highly successful 12-step model uses both a group form of support as well as individual support by having members utilize a sponsor while on the road to recovery.
Fortunately, research indicates that having a treatment plan and knowing the expected duration of that treatment is strongly correlated to an individual’s recovery. As research continues on the specific treatment needs, treatment for substance use will only improve.
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